Mexican Cuisine


Reading — Advanced Level
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Mexican cuisine is a complex and ancient cuisine, with techniques and skills developed over thousands of years of history. It is created mostly with ingredients native to Mexico, as well as those brought over by Spanish conquistadors.

In addition to staples, such as corn and chile peppers, native ingredients include tomatoes, squashes, avocados, cocoa and vanilla, as well as ingredients not generally used in other cuisines, such as edible flowers, vegetables like huauzontle and papaloquelite, or small criollo avocados, whose skin is edible. Chocolate originated in Mexico and was prized by the Aztecs, an indigenous people of Mexico. It remains an important ingredient in Mexican cookery.

Vegetables play an important role in Mexican cuisine. Common vegetables include zucchini, cauliflower, corn, potatoes, spinach, Swiss chard, mushrooms, jitomate (red tomato), green tomato, etc. European contributions include pork, chicken, beef, cheese, herbs and spices, as well as some fruits.

Tropical fruits, many of which are indigenous to Mexico and the Americas, such as guava, prickly pear, sapote, mangoes, bananas, pineapple and cherimoya (custard apple) are popular, especially in the center and south of the country
Source: Wikipedia
  1. Which best describes the techniques and skills used in Mexican cooking?

  2. Which country has contributed to some of the ingredients in Mexican cuisine?

  3. Who were the Aztecs?

  4. What kind of ingredients are usually used in Mexican cooking?

  5. What plays an important role in Mexican cuisine?


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. What makes Mexican food distinct?

  2. What is your favorite Mexican dish? Why?


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