Reading — Advanced Level
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A monument is a type of structure that was created to commemorate a person or event, or which has become relevant to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage, due to its artistic, historical, political, technical or architectural importance. Some of the first monuments were built for religious or funerary purposes. Examples of monuments include statues, (war) memorials, historical buildings, archaeological sites, and cultural assets.

Prehistoric tumuli, dolmens, and similar structures have been created in a large number of prehistoric cultures across the world. The many forms of monumental tombs of the more wealthy and powerful members of a society are often the source of much of our information and art from those cultures. As societies became organized on a larger scale, large monuments were built that were difficult to destroy like the Egyptian Pyramids, the Greek Parthenon, the Great Wall of China, Indian Taj Mahal or the Moai of Easter Island. In more recent times, monumental structures such as the Statue of Liberty and Eiffel Tower have become iconic emblems of modern nation-states.

Source: Wikipedia
  1. Which does not likely describe a monument?

  2. Prehistoric monuments tended to be   in nature.

  3. The common thread among the Egyptian Pyramids, the Greek Parthenon, the Great Wall of China is that they are   .

  4. Why are monuments a source of learning?

  5. In order for people to continue learning about their past, monuments   .


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. What are monuments for?

  2. Name at least three famous monuments in your country. What makes each of them symbolic?


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