Plastic surgery


Reading — Intermediate Level
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Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. It can be divided into two main categories:reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery.

Reconstructive plastic surgery is performed to correct functional impairments caused by burns, traumatic injuries, such as facial bone fractures and breaks; congenital abnormalities, such as cleft palates or cleft lips; developmental abnormalities; infection and disease; and cancer or tumors. The goal of reconstructive plastic surgery is to restore both form and function. The most common reconstructive procedures are tumor removal, laceration repair, maxillofacial surgery, scar revision, hand surgery and breast reduction plasty.

Some other common reconstructive surgical procedures include breast reconstruction after a mastectomy for the treatment of cancer, cleft lip and palate surgery, contracture surgery for burn survivors, and creating a new outer ear when one is congenitally absent.

Cosmetic surgery is a voluntary or elective surgery that is performed on normal parts of the body with the only purpose of improving a person's appearance and/or removing signs of aging. In 2014, nearly 16 million cosmetic procedures were performed in the United States alone. The number of cosmetic procedures performed in the United States has almost doubled since the start of the century. 92% of cosmetic procedures were performed on women in 2014, up from 88% in 2001. Nearly 12 million cosmetic procedures were performed in 2007, with the five most common surgeries being breast augmentation, liposuction, breast reduction, eyelid surgery, and abdominoplasty.
Source: Wikipedia
  1. Any type of surgery involves   .

  2. A reconstructive surgery aims at   .

  3. If someone wanted to have her lips enhanced, she should undergo a   .

  4. Surgeries are soley done to the   .

  5. Cosmetic surgery generally aims at   .

  6. The last paragraph seemingly concludes that   .


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. if given a chance to have surgery, (cosmetic or reconstructive) what part of your body would you be willing to restore or enhance? Why?

  2. Who usually undergo cosmetic surgery? Why do you think so?


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