Reading — Intermediate Level
Share this exercise

Read the text and answer the questions

Roti is a traditional flatbread from the Indian subcontinent. It is normally eaten with cooked vegetables or curries; it can be called a carrier for them. It is made most often from wheat flour, cooked on a flat or slightly concave iron griddle called a tawa. Traditionally, rotis have also been made from the flour of millet, maize, jowar and even rice. Tandoori roti is cooked by sticking the flattened dough to the inside wall of a tandoor oven, where it bakes quickly at a high temperature.. Chapatis are made of whole-wheat flour known as atta, mixed into dough with water, edible oil and optional salt in a mixing utensil called a parat, and is cooked on a tava (flat skillet). It is known as phulka in Punjabi and Saraiki, and maani in Sindhi.

In Sri Lanka, there is a variant of roti called pol roti made of wheat flour, and/or kurakkan flour, and scraped coconut. Sometimes, chopped green chilis and onion are added to the mixture before cooking. These are usually thicker and harder than other roti types. They are usually eaten with curries, or some types of sambol or lunu miris and considered a main meal rather than a supplement.

Another variety of roti popular in Sri Lanka is kottu roti, which is made up of paratha or godamba roti, These are cut into small pieces, small in size and rectangular or square in shape. Then on a square heating pan, vegetables and onions are fried. Eggs, cooked meat, or fish are added to fried vegetables and heated for a few minutes. Finally, the pieces of cut paratha are added. These are chopped and mixed by repeated pounding using heavy iron blades/spatula, the sound of which can be heard from a long distance. Depending upon what ingredients are used, the variations are vegetable, egg, chicken, beef, mutton, and fish kottu roti. It is sometimes prepared and served as a fast food dish.
Source: Wikipedia
  1. Punjabi and Saraiki are   .

  2. Indian Rotis are also made from   .

  3. Heavy chopping and mixing of ingredients are applied to   .

  4. A maize is also known as   .

  5. The common ingredients used for both the Indian and Sri Lankan Rotis include   .


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. Do you like Rotis? Why? Why not?

  2. What makes Indian Roti similar and/or different from that of the Sri Lankans?


    Need help?

    Ask a question or reserve a class with Jennifer


      • cut into pieces
      • a dish of meat, vegetables, etc., cooked in an Indian-style sauce of strong spices and typically served with rice
      • thick mass for making bread, cakes, cookies, etc.
      • flat, thin, often unleavened bread
      • a powder obtained by grinding grain, typically wheat, and used to make bread, cakes, and pastry
      • any of the regular occasions in a day when a reasonably large amount of food is eaten like breakfast
      • (mixed) combine, blend
      • something that completes or enhances something else when added to it
      • the hotness or coldness of of a person, water, etc.
      • a simple and useful device that is used for doing tasks in a person's home and especially in the kitchen


    From English
    No translation