Reading — Intermediate Level
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Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. The curve is usually "S"- or "C"-shaped over three dimensions. In some, the degree of curve is stable, while in others, it increases over time. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, but severe cases can interfere with breathing. Typically, no pain is present.
The cause of most cases is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.Risk factors include other affected family members. It can also occur due to another condition such as muscle spasms, cerebral palsy, Marfan syndrome, and tumors such as neurofibromatosis. Diagnosis is confirmed with X-rays. Scoliosis is typically classified as either structural in which the curve is fixed, or functional in which the underlying spine is normal.

Treatment depends on the degree of curve, location, and cause. Minor curves may simply be watched periodically. Treatments may include bracing, specific exercises, and surgery. The brace must be fitted to the person and used daily until growing stops. Specific exercises may be used to try to decrease the risk of worsening. They may be done alone or along with other treatments such as bracing. Evidence that chiropractic manipulation, dietary supplements, or exercises can prevent the condition from worsening is weak. However, exercise is still recommended due to its other health benefits.

Scoliosis occurs in about 3% of people. It most commonly occurs between the ages of 10 and 20. Females typically are more severely affected than males. The term is from Ancient Greek: ?????????, romanized: skoliosis which means "a bending"
Source: Wikipedia
  1. What are the common causes of scoliosis?

  2. How is the doagnosis of scoliosis confirmed?

  3. What are the two classifications of scoliosis?

  4. Who are more severely affected with scoliosis?

  5. What does the word "skoliosis " mean?


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. Do you experience any back pain? postural problem?

  2. Do you have any signs of scoliosis? How about your friends?

  3. If you do have scoliosis, how do you treat it?


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      • the state of something with regard to its appearance, quality, or working order
      • a line or outline which gradually deviates from being straight for some or all of its length
      • aspect, feature
      • (interfered) intervene, obstruct
      • physical suffering or discomfort
      • (prevented) keep something from happening or continuing
      • the possibility that something bad or unpleasant (such as an injury or a loss) will happen
      • a sudden involuntary muscle contraction
      • a series of vertebrae extending from the skull to the small of the back, enclosing the spinal cord and providing support for the thorax and abdomen; the backbone
      • something that completes or enhances something else when added to it


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