The Christmas Island Red Crab


Reading — Beginner Level
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Christmas Island red crabs are famous throughout Australia and the world for their bright red color and for their spectacular annual migration to the sea.

Millions of crabs become rivers of red as they move from Christmas Island's interior rainforests to the ocean to breed and lay eggs. During migration, red crabs climb over and around obstacles in their way, following the same migration paths every year.

Christmas Island red crabs live on Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean off Australia’s northern coast, about 240 miles (380 kilometers) south of Java, Indonesia. Red crabs must keep their bodies moist, so they wait for the rainy season to provide conditions that are ideal for the difficult journey. A single female can lay up to 100,000 eggs. Over 50 million Christmas crabs migrate across Christmas Island every year!
  1. Where do these crabs come from?

  2. What do they do in the ocean?

  3. What do they normally do every year?

  4. Where is Christmas Island located?

  5. Why do they keep their bodies moist?

  6. How many of these crabs migrate yearly?


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. What makes Christmas Island red crab unique?

  2. Do you see many kinds of crabs in your country? If yes, name some of them.

  3. What is your favorite sea animal? Why?


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