Reading — Intermediate Level
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Tortoises are reptile species which are different from other turtles by being land-dwelling while many other turtle species are at least partly aquatic. Like other turtles, tortoises have a shell to protect them from predators and other threats. Tortoise shells are generally hard, and they retract their necks and heads directly backwards into the shell to protect themselves.

Tortoises are unique among vertebrates in that the pectoral and pelvic girdles are inside the ribcage rather than outside. Tortoises can vary in dimension from a few centimeters to two meters long. They are generally reclusive animals and are the longest-living land animals in the world. In general, most tortoise species can live 80–150 years.

Most land-based tortoises are herbivores although some omnivorous species exist. Pet tortoises typically require grass and vegetable diets. Certain species consume worms or insects and carrion in their normal habitats. Different tortoise species vary greatly in their nutritional requirements.
Source: Wikipedia
  1. Tortoises are mostly found on   .

  2. When tortoises retract their heads they actually   .

  3. The pectoral girdle of the tortoise refers to   .

  4. Tortoises are notable for their   .

  5. Tortoises are reclusive animals which means they are   .


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. What make tortoises diferent from other turtle breeds?

  2. Where do tortoises usually live?

  3. Why do you think tortoises are able to live so long?


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