Why is avocado good for you?

Mildred

Reading — Intermediate Level
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Activity

Read the text and answer the questions


Numerous studies have found that a predominantly plant-based diet that includes foods such as avocados can help to decrease the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and overall mortality while promoting a healthy complexion and hair, increased energy, and overall lower weight.

1. Avocados are nutrient rich
According to the USDA National Nutrient Database, one serving (one-fifth of an avocado, approximately 40 grams) contains:

64 calories
almost 6 grams of fat
3.4 grams of carbohydrate
less than a gram of sugar
almost 3 grams of fiber

Avocados are a great source of vitamins C, E, K, and B-6, as well as riboflavin, niacin, folate, pantothenic acid, magnesium, and potassium. They also provide lutein, beta-carotene, and omega-3 fatty acids.

Although most of the calories in an avocado come from fat, don’t shy away! Avocados are full of healthy, beneficial fats that help to keep you full and satiated. When you consume fat, your brain receives a signal to turn off your appetite. Eating fat slows the breakdown of carbohydrates, which helps to keep sugar levels in the blood stable.

Fat is essential for every single cell in the body. Eating healthy fats supports skin health, enhances the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients, and may even help boost the immune system.

2. Healthy for the heart
Avocados contain 25 milligrams per ounce of a natural plant sterol called beta-sitosterol. Regular consumption of beta-sitosterol and other plant sterols has been seen to help maintain healthy cholesterol levels.

3. Great for vision
Avocados contain lutein and zeaxanthin, two phytochemicals that are especially concentrated in the tissues in the eyes where they provide antioxidant protection to help minimize damage, including from ultraviolet light.

As the monounsaturated fatty acids in avocados also support the absorption of other beneficial fat-soluble antioxidants, such as beta-carotene, adding avocados to your diet may help to reduce the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration.
  1. The following are the diseases that can be avoided with the help of avocados except one.

  2. The following are nutrients and minerals found in avocado except one.

  3. What does not happen when you consume fat from avocados?

  4. What is this natural plant sterol in avocado that aids in the maintenance of helathy cholesterol levels?

  5. What are the two phytochemicals present in avocado that provide antioxidant protection to protect our eyes?

Discussion

Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below


  1. Do you like avocado? Why/why not?

  2. What do you feel when you eat avocado?

  3. Do you think it is advantageous to eat it? Why/why not?

  4. Do you think it is essential to observe how much avocado you should eat a day? Explain.

    Mildred

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