Your Amazing Brain


Reading — Advanced Level
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Your brain contains about 100 billion microscopic cells called neurons—so many it would take you over 3,000 years to count them all. Whenever you dream, laugh, think, see, or move, it’s because tiny chemical and electrical signals are racing between these neurons along billions of tiny neuron highways. Believe it or not, the activity in your brain never stops. Countless messages zip around inside it every second like a supercharged pinball machine. Your neurons create and send more messages than all the phones in the entire world. And while a single neuron generates only a tiny amount of electricity, all your neurons together can generate enough electricity to power a low-wattage bulb.

Sensory neurons in your skin relay this information to your spinal cord and brain at a speed of more than 150 miles (241 kilometers) per hour. Your brain then uses motor neurons to transmit the message back through your spinal cord to your foot to shake the bee off quickly. Motor neurons can relay this information at more than 200 miles (322 kilometers) per hour.Messages along certain pathways of neurons over and over, forming new connections. In fact, the structure of your brain changes every time you learn, as well as whenever you have a new thought or memory.

It is well known that any exercise that makes your heart beat faster, like running or playing basketball, is great for your body and can even help improve your mood. But scientists have recently learned that for a period of time after you've exercised, your body produces a chemical that makes your brain more receptive to learning.

  1. The neurons in the brain are certainly   .

  2. Without these neurons, the brain  

  3. The brain is probably composed of   .

  4. Different information are relayed, transmitted and   in the brain.

  5. It can be inferred from the last sentence of the second paragraph that   .

  6. Good physical exercises that could help stimulate the brain includes  


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. What makes the brain very powerful?

  2. How do you exercise your brain?

  3. What do you think cause/s brain injuries? How should these be prevented?


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