Alzheimer's Disease


Grammar — Advanced Level
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Read the article and complete the sentences using the correct expression

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gets worse over time. It was first described by, and later named after, German psychiatrist and pathologist Alois Alzheimer in 1906. The most common early symptom is short-term memory loss.

As the disease advances, symptoms can include problems with language, disorientation, mood swings, loss of motivation, not managing self care, and behavioural issues. Gradually, bodily functions are lost, ultimately leading to death.

The cause of Alzheimer's disease is poorly understood. About 70% of the risk is believed to be genetic. The disease process is associated with plaques and tangles in the brain. In 2015, there were approximately 48 million people worldwide with Alzheimer's. In developed countries, Alzheimer's is one of the most financially costly diseases.
  1. Alzheimer's disease was the   of German pathologist Alois Alzheimer in 1906

  2. Caregivers are often faced with   when trying to figure out what to do to care for their loved one with Alzheimer's

  3. Some caregivers meet in groups to   ideas on how to handle common situations

  4. Although some researchers believe Alzheimer's can be cause by   , it is most widely believed the disease is genetic

  5. People suspected of having Alzheimer's often undergo brain   to attempt to detect plaque build-up


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. Do you know a person with Alzheimer's Disease? Describe their situation and who is currently caring for the person

  2. Do you believe it is wrong to place a person with Alzheimer's in a nursing home? Why?

  3. What would you do if you became aware you had Alzheimer's? Would you want your family to take care of you?


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