Korean Demilitarized Zone

Roger Walter

Reading — Beginner Level
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The Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) is a strip of land running across the Korean Peninsula. It is established by the provisions of the Korean Armistice Agreement to serve as a buffer zone between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). The demilitarized zone (DMZ) is a border barrier that divides the Korean Peninsula roughly in half. It was created by agreement between North Korea, China and the United Nations in 1953. The DMZ is 250 kilometres long, and about 4 kilometres wide. Though the zone separating both sides is demilitarized, beyond that strip the border is one of the most heavily militarized borders in the world.

Within the DMZ is a meeting point between the two nations in the small Joint Security Area (JSA) near the western end of the zone, where negotiations take place. There are several buildings on both the north and the south side of the Military Demarcation Line (MDL), and there have been some built on top of it. The MDL goes through the conference rooms and down the middle of the conference tables where the North Koreans and the United Nations Command (primarily South Koreans and Americans) meet face to face.
Source: Wikipedia
  1. The official name of South Korea is  

  2. The DMZ divides the Korean Peninsula  

  3. The DMZ was created in an agreement by whom?

  4. Where is the Joint Security Area located in the DMZ?

  5. Who makes up the United Nations Command?


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. Why do you think the border between the two Koreas is so heavily fortified?

  2. What other strongly fortified borders exist in the world?

  3. Have you ever crossed an international border before? Where?

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