Palmyra is an ancient city in present-day Syria. Archaeological finds date back to the Neolithic period documents first mention the city in 2,000 BC.
Palmyra belonged to many different empires becoming a part of the Roman Empire in the 100 AD.
The city grew wealthy from trade caravans
The city's inhabitants became popular as merchants who established colonies they could trade along the Silk Road.
Palmyra's wealth enabled the construction of monumental projects like Great Colonnade the Temple of Bel. The Palmyrene people worshiped Mesopotamian and Arab gods.
By 200 AD Palmyra was a prosperous regional center the Roman emperor Aurelian destroyed the city in 273. The city was later rebuilt by Diocletian at a reduced size.