Silicon Valley


Reading — Advanced Level
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Silicon Valley is a region in the southern part of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California that serves as a global center for high technology and innovation. It corresponds roughly to the geographical Santa Clara Valley. San Jose is Silicon Valley's largest city, the third-largest in California, and the tenth-largest in the United States. The San Jose Metropolitan Area has the third-highest GDP per capita in the world according to the Brookings Institution.

The word "silicon" in the name originally referred to the large number of innovators and manufacturers in the region specializing in silicon-based MOS transistors and integrated circuit chips. The area is now home to many of the world's largest high-tech corporations, including the headquarters of more than 30 businesses in the Fortune 1000, and thousands of startup companies. Silicon Valley also accounts for one-third of all of the venture capital investment in the United States, which has helped it to become a leading hub and startup ecosystem for high-tech innovation.

As more high-tech companies were established across San Jose and the Santa Clara Valley, and then north towards the Bay Area's two other major cities, San Francisco and Oakland, the term "Silicon Valley" has come to have two definitions: a narrower geographic one, referring to Santa Clara County and southeastern San Mateo County, and a metonymical definition referring to high-tech businesses in the entire Bay Area. The name has also inspired similar named locations, as well as research parks and technology centers with a comparable structure all around the world.

Source: Wikipedia
  1. What does Silicon Valley represent?

  2. It derives its name from   .

  3. There are thousands of   companies there.

  4. Which of the following most probably work in Silicon Valley?

  5. How does Silicon Valley influence the other nations of the world?


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. Where is Silicon Valley located?

  2. What makes it internationally known?


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