South Africa


Reading — Advanced Level
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Most of South Africa's landscape is made up of high, flat areas called plateaus. These lands are covered with rolling grasslands, called highveld, and tree-dotted plains called bushveld. Interestingly, South Africa has another country within its borders. Nestled in the Drakensberg is the mountainous kingdom of Lesotho. Much of South Africa's water comes from the snowcapped peaks of this tiny, landlocked nation.

Many different peoples make up South Africa, each with their own language and history. The country has 11 official languages and many more unofficial ones. This colorful mix of cultures gives South Africa its nickname "rainbow nation."

South Africans are passionate about music, often using song and dance to express social and political ideas. They're also known worldwide for their skill in sports, including rugby, cricket, golf, and soccer. In 2010, South Africa became the first African nation to host the World Cup.

South Africa has been a democratic republic since holding its first truly open election on April 27, 1994. Natural resources, agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing have made South Africa the largest economy on the continent. But problems with unemployment, poverty, and AIDS present huge challenges for the government.

In 1806, wars in Europe left the British in control of the Cape Town colony. In 1910, the British united four colonies in the region and created South Africa. They established laws that separated whites from black South Africans, a practice of segregation called apartheid, which led to decades of conflict.
  1. What comprise most of South Africa's physical features?

  2. Why is South Africa considered a rainbow nation?

  3. Which generally decribe the South Africans?

  4. Where does South Africa belong?

  5. Since South Africa became a British colony, it can be inferred that   .

  6. Why does apartheid a cause of conflict?


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. What do you know about South Africa? What makes this place interesting?

  2. If you're given a chance to vvisit South Africa, what would you do there? Why?

  3. South Africa has a colorful history. How about your country's history?


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