The Niagara Falls


Reading — Beginner Level
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Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, spanning the border between the province of Ontario in Canada and the state of New York in the United States. The largest of the three is Horseshoe Falls, also known as Canadian Falls, which straddles the international border of the two countries. The smaller American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls lie within the United States. Bridal Veil Falls are separated from Horseshoe Falls by Goat Island and from American Falls by Luna Island, with both islands situated in New York.

Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls have the highest flow rate of any waterfall in North America that has a vertical drop of more than 50 metres (160 ft). During peak daytime tourist hours, more than 168,000 m3 (six million cubic feet) of water goes over the crest of the falls every minute. Horseshoe Falls is the most powerful waterfall in North America, as measured by flow rate.

The falls are 27 kilometres north-northwest of Buffalo, New York, and 121 kilometres south-southeast of Toronto, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York. Niagara Falls was formed when glaciers receded at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation (the last ice age), and water from the newly formed Great Lakes carved a path over and through the Niagara Escarpment en route to the Atlantic Ocean.
Source: Wikipedia
  1. How many falls does Niagara falls consist of?

  2. Where is Niagara falls situated?

  3. Which is the most powerful waterfall in North America?

  4. Which word from the article means to cause the water to run out, leaving it empty?

  5. What does en route mean?


Practice your writing skills by discussing the questions below

  1. Do you have many waterfalls in your country? Can you name some and describe them?

  2. Would you like to see the Niagara Falls up close in a boat? Why or why not?

  3. What is a natural wonder you would like to visit?


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